You might not think a lot about how your air conditioner operates, but it has to have refrigerant to keep your home cool. This refrigerant is subject to environmental regulation, because of the chemicals it contains.
Subject to when your air conditioner was installed, it may use R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll go over the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Middle Georgia, as well as how these phaseouts affect you.
What’s R-22 and Why is It Phased Out?
If your air conditioner was put in before 2010, it likely has Freon®. You can discover if your air conditioner has it by calling us at 478-200-5689. You can also check the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is situated outside your residence. This sticker will contain details on what type of refrigerant your AC uses.
Freon, which is also known as R-22, has chlorine. Scientists consider R-22 to be bad for the earth’s ozone layer and one that contributes to global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which governs refrigerants in the United States, barred its creation and import in January 2020.
I Have a R-22 Air Conditioner. Should I Replace It?
It differs. If your air conditioning is working as designed, you can continue to use it. With yearly air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your system to operate around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy says that removing a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on annual cooling costs!
If you don’t get a new air conditioner, it may lead to difficulties if you have to have air conditioning repair in the future, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs might be higher-priced, as only reduced levels of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is available.
With the discontinuation of R-22, many new air conditioners now use Puron®. Also called R-410A, this refrigerant was made to keep the ozone layer healthy. Since it requires a varying pressure level, it doesn’t match air conditioners that rely on R-22 for cooling.
However, Puron still has the possibility to create global warming. As a result, it could also ultimately be phased out. Although it hasn’t been mandated yet for residential air conditioners, it’s likely sometime this decade.
What Refrigerant Will Take Over R-410A?
In preparation of the discontinuation, some manufacturers have begun using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant rates low for global warming possibility—approximately one-third less than R-410A. And it also lowers energy use by around 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that could be forwarded on to you through your electrical bills.
Air Concepts of Middle Georgia Can Provide Support with All Your Air Conditioning Needs
In summary, the alterations to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t concern you a whole lot until you have to have repairs. But as we went over previously, repairs connected to refrigerant could be more costly since there are the restricted levels available.
In addition to that, your air conditioner typically stops working at the worst time, often on the hottest day when we’re experiencing a lot of other calls for AC repair.
If your air conditioner relies on a discontinued refrigerant or is more than 15 years old, we suggest upgrading to a modern, energy-efficient air conditioner. This ensures a stress-free summer and can even reduce your electrical costs, especially if you get an ENERGY STAR®-rated air conditioner. Plus, Air Concepts of Middle Georgia provides many financing options to make your new air conditioner fit your budget. Contact us at 478-200-5689 to get started today with a free estimate.